Showing 1 to 10 of 1856 records(fetched in 1.2 seconds)
TitleeHealth and mHealth interventions in the treatment of fatigued cancer survivors: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
AuthorsSeiler, A; Klaas, V; Tröster, G; Fagundes, CP
Publication Date1 Sep 2017
Date Added to PubMed1 Jul 2017
AbstractTo (1) evaluate existing eHealth/mHealth interventions developed to help manage cancer-related fatigue (CRF); and (2) summarize the best available evidence on their effectiveness. A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library up to November 2016 was conducted. Study outcomes were extracted, tabulated, and summarized. Random effects meta-analyses were conducted for the primary outcome (fatigue), and the secondary outcomes quality of life and depression, yielding pooled effect sizes (r), and 95% confidence intervals (CI). For eHealth interventions, our search of published papers identified 9 completed studies and 6 protocols for funded projects underway. No studies were identified for mHealth interventions that met our inclusion criteria. A meta-analysis of the 9 completed eHealth studies revealed a statistically significant beneficial effect of eHealth interventions on CRF (r = .27, 95% CI [.1109 - .4218], P < 0.01). Therapist-guided eHealth interventions were more efficacious then self-guided interventions (r = .58, 95% CI: [.3136 - .5985, P < 0.001). Small to moderate therapeutic effects were also observed for HRQoL (r = .17, 95% CI [.0384 - .3085], P < 0.05) and depression (r = .24, 95% CI [.1431 - .3334], P < 0.001). eHealth interventions appear to be effective for managing fatigue in cancer survivors with CRF. Continuous development of eHealth interventions for the treatment of CRF in cancer survivors and their testing in long-term, large-scale efficacy outcome studies is encouraged. The degree to which mHealth interventions can change CRF in cancer survivors need to be assessed systematically and empirically.
TitleSystematic Review about QoS and QoE in Telemedicine and eHealth Services and Applications.
Authorsde la Torre Díez, I; Alonso, SG; Hamrioui, S; López-Coronado, M; Cruz, EM
JournalJournal of medical systems
Publication Date29 Aug 2018
Date Added to PubMed30 Aug 2018
AbstractThe provision of Quality of Service (QoS) and Quality of Experience (QoE) is a mandatory requirement when transmitting telemedicine traffic, due to information relevance to maintain the patient's health. The main objective of this paper is to present a review of existing research works in the literature, referring to QoS and QoE in telemedicine and eHealth applications. The academic databases that were used to perform the searches are Google Scholar, IEEE Xplore, PubMed, Science Direct and Web of Science, taking into account the date of publication from 2008 to the present. These databases cover the most information of scientific texts in multidisciplinary fields, engineering and medicine. Several search criteria were established such as 'QoS' AND 'eHealth' OR 'Telemedicine', 'QoE' AND 'eHealth' AND 'Telemedicine' etc. selecting the items of greatest interest. A total of 248 papers related to QoS and QoE in telemedicine and eHealth have been found, of which 39 papers have been identified as relevant works. The results show that the percentage of studies related to QoS in literature is higher with 74.36% to QoE with 25.64%. From the review of the research articles analyzed, it can be said that QoS and QoE in telemedicine and eHealth are important and necessary factors to guarantee the privacy, reliability, quality and security of data in health care systems.
TitleThe effectiveness of telemedicine interventions to address maternal depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
AuthorsNair, U; Armfield, NR; Chatfield, MD; Edirippulige, S
JournalJournal of telemedicine and telecare
Publication Date1 Dec 2018
Date Added to PubMed23 Oct 2018
AbstractIntroduction Maternal depression (MD), is an overarching term for depression affecting pregnant women and mothers for up to 12 months postpartum. Because MD may have chronic and long-lasting effects, it is an important public health concern. The extent to which telemedicine may be an effective way to provide services to sufferers of MD is unknown, therefore, this review aimed to assess the available evidence. Methods We conducted a search of The Cochrane Library, PubMed/MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and EMBASE for relevant randomised controlled trials published between 2000 and 2018; we then conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. Results We identified 10 studies for inclusion. Therapeutic strategies involved cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), behavioural activation and other psychoeducation. Eight trials reported significant improvement in depression scores post-intervention; four studies that conducted post-intervention follow-up found that these improvements continued. However, high attrition rates and lack of blinding were common problems. Discussion This review found limited evidence supporting the delivery of CBT for the treatment of MD and anxiety using telemedicine. However, most of the evidence only studied improvements in postpartum depression, indicating that use of telemedicine to provide MD intervention is still small and an under-researched area.
TitleImpact of telemedicine interventions on mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
AuthorsMarcolino, MS; Maia, LM; Oliveira, JAQ; Melo, LDR; Pereira, BLD; Andrade-Junior, DF; Boersma, E; Ribeiro, AL
JournalHeart (British Cardiac Society)
Publication Date1 Oct 2019
Date Added to PubMed30 Jun 2019
AbstractDespite the promise of telemedicine to improve care for ischaemic heart disease, there are significant obstacles to implementation. Demonstrating improvement in patient-centred outcomes is important to support development of these innovative strategies. To assess the impact of telemedicine interventions on mortality after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Articles were searched in MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), Base de Dados de Enfermagem (BDENF), Indice Bibliográfico Español en Ciencias de la Salud (IBECs), Web of Science, Scopus and Google Scholar, from January 2004 to January 2018. Study selection and data extraction were performed by two independent reviewers. In-hospital mortality (primary outcome), and door-to-balloon (DTB) time, 30-day mortality and long-term mortality (secondary outcomes) were assessed. Random effects models were applied to estimate pooled results. Thirty non-randomised controlled and seven quasi-experimental studies were included (16 960 patients). They were classified as moderate or serious risk of bias by ROBINS-I (Risk Of Bias In Non-randomized Studies-of Interventions tool). In 31 studies, the intervention was prehospital ECG transmission. Telemedicine was associated with reduced in-hospital mortality compared with usual care (relative risk (RR) 0.63(95% confidence interval[CI] 0.55 to 0.72); I2 <0.001%). DTB time was consistently reduced (mean difference -28 (95% CI -35 to -20) min), but showed large heterogeneity (I2=94%). Thirty-day mortality (RR 0.62;95% CI 0.43 to 0.85) and long-term mortality (RR 0.61(95% CI 0.40 to 0.92)) were also reduced, with moderate heterogeneity (I2=52%). There is moderate-quality evidence that telemedicine strategies, in particular ECG transmission, combined with the usual care for AMI are associated with reduced in-hospital mortality and very-low quality evidence that they reduce DTB time, 30-day mortality and long-term mortality.
TitleThe effectiveness of telemedicine on body mass index: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
AuthorsHuang, JW; Lin, YY; Wu, NY
JournalJournal of telemedicine and telecare
Publication Date1 Aug 2019
Date Added to PubMed29 May 2018
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of telemedicine on changes in body mass index for overweight and obese people as well as for diabetes and hypertension patients. A systematic review of articles published before 31 August 2014, was conducted using searches of Medline, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and CINAHL Plus. The inclusion criteria were randomised controlled trials that compared telemedicine interventions with usual care or standard treatment in adults and reported a change in body mass index. A meta-analysis was conducted for eligible studies, and the primary outcome was a change in body mass index. Subgroup analysis was performed for the type of telemedicine, main purpose of intervention, and length of intervention. Twenty-five randomised controlled trials comprising 6253 people were included in the qualitative and quantitative analyses. The length of intervention ranged from nine weeks to two years. The meta-analysis revealed significant differences in body mass index changes (pooled difference in means = -0.49, 95% confidence interval -0.63 to -0.34, p < 0.001) between the telemedicine and control groups. The subgroup analyses found that either Internet-based or telephone-based intervention was associated with greater changes in body mass index than in controls. Telemedicine intervention was effective in improving body mass index whether it was used for diabetes control, hypertension control, weight loss, or increasing physical activity and was also effective for people with and without diabetes or hypertension. However, only interventions with a duration ≥ 6 months significantly decreased body mass index compared to controls. Both patients with chronic disease and overweight/obese people could benefit from telemedicine interventions. We suggest that an effective telemedicine approach should be longer than six months and emphasise the importance of post-interventional follow-ups.
TitleThe Effects of Telemedicine on Asthma Control and Patients' Quality of Life in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
AuthorsChongmelaxme, B; Lee, S; Dhippayom, T; Saokaew, S; Chaiyakunapruk, N; Dilokthornsakul, P
JournalThe journal of allergy and clinical immunology. In practice
Publication Date1 Jan 2019
Date Added to PubMed29 Jul 2018
AbstractTelemedicine is increasingly used to improve health outcomes in asthma. However, it is still inconclusive which telemedicine works effectively. This study aimed to determine the effects of telemedicine on asthma control and the quality of life in adults. An electronic search was performed from the inception to March 2018 on the following databases: Cochrane CENTRAL, CINAHL,, EMBASE, PubMed, and Scopus. Randomized controlled trials that assessed the effects of telemedicine in adults with asthma were included in this analysis, and the outcomes of interest were levels of asthma control and quality of life. Random-effects model meta-analyses were performed. A total of 22 studies (10,281 participants) were included. Each of 11 studies investigated the effects of single-telemedicine and combined-telemedicine (combinations of telemedicine approaches), and the meta-analyses showed that combined tele-case management could significantly improve asthma control compared with usual care (standardized mean difference [SMD] = 0.78; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.56, 1.01). Combined tele-case management and tele-consultation (SMD = 0.52 [95% CI: 0.13, 0.91]) and combined tele-consultation (SMD = 0.28 [95% CI: 0.13, 0.44]) also significantly improved asthma outcomes, but to a lesser degree. In addition, combined tele-case management (SMD = 0.59 [95% CI: 0.31, 0.88]) was the most effective telemedicine for improving quality of life, followed by combined tele-case management and tele-consultation (SMD = 0.31 [95% CI: 0.03, 0.59]), tele-case management (SMD = 0.30 [95% CI: 0.05, 0.55]), and combined tele-consultation (SMD = 0.27 [95% CI: 0.11, 0.43]), respectively. Combined-telemedicine involving tele-case management or tele-consultation appear to be effective telemedicine interventions to improve asthma control and quality of life in adults. Our findings are expected to provide health care professionals with current evidence of the effects of telemedicine on asthma control and patients' quality of life.
TitleImpact of eHealth on medication adherence among patients with asthma: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
AuthorsJeminiwa, R; Hohmann, L; Qian, J; Garza, K; Hansen, R; Fox, BI
JournalRespiratory medicine
Publication Date1 Mar 2019
Date Added to PubMed26 Feb 2019
AbstractAsthma is an important public health issue in the United States. eHealth technology offers a potential solution to asthma treatment adherence, but the relative effect of various types of eHealth interventions has not been systematically studied. To systematically review the effectiveness of eHealth in improving adherence to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) among patients with persistent asthma, as well as the satisfaction of patients undergoing eHealth interventions. Literature searches were conducted in five databases in August 2018. Included studies were randomized controlled trials comparing eHealth interventions versus usual care in improving adherence among patients prescribed ICS for persistent asthma. Quantitative synthesis was performed using a random effects model. Eighty records were identified after removal of duplicates. Fifteen trials were eligible for qualitative synthesis. Included trials utilized: social media (n = 1), electronic health records (n = 1), telehealth (n = 6), and mHealth (n = 7). Twelve trials were eligible for quantitative synthesis. Results show a small but significant overall effect of eHealth interventions on adherence to ICS (Standardized Mean Difference (SMD) = 0.41, 95%CI = 0.02-0.79). Among the different types of eHealth interventions, a significant improvement in adherence was observed for mHealth interventions compared to usual care in a pooled analysis of 4 trials (SMD = 0.96, 95%CI = 0.28-1.64). However, there was considerable heterogeneity among studies. Patient satisfaction was evaluated in 5 trials comparing telehealth (n = 2) and mHealth (n = 3) with usual care. Participants found the interventions to be helpful and satisfactory. eHealth interventions, especially mHealth interventions, are effective and acceptable in improving patient adherence to ICS.
TitleEffect of telemedicine intervention on hypoglycaemia in diabetes patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.
AuthorsHu, Y; Wen, X; Wang, F; Yang, D; Liu, S; Li, P; Xu, J
JournalJournal of telemedicine and telecare
Publication Date1 Aug 2019
Date Added to PubMed19 Jun 2018
AbstractHypoglycaemia is a clinical syndrome from various causes, which happens when the blood glucose concentration is too low. Many studies show that telemedicine intervention can improve glycemic control and has a positive impact on the management of diabetic patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of telemedicine intervention on hypoglycemic event occurrences and results on hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and body mass index (BMI). We searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, the EBSCO host, and OVID to identify relevant studies published from January 2006 to December 2017. The work of searching, selecting and assessing risk of bias was administrated by two independent reviewers. The primary outcomes were hypoglycemic event rate and HbA1c; the secondary outcome was BMI. From 1246 articles, we identified 14 eligible RCTs (n = 1324). Compared to usual care, telemedicine was found to reduce the odds of hypoglycaemia (odds ratio (OR) = 0.42; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.29-0.59; I2 = 32%; p < 0.00001). We found that the clinical relevance declined in HbA1c level compared to control group (mean difference = -0.28; 95% CI = -0.45 to -0.12; I2 = 53%; p = 0.0005), but that telemedicine had no effect on BMI (mean difference = -0.27; 95% CI = -0.86-0.31; I2 = 40%; p = 0.35). Compared to usual care, the use of telemedicine was found to improve HbA1c and reduce the risk of moderate hypoglycaemia in diabetic patients, but without significant difference in BMI.
TitleAssessing the feasibility of eHealth and mHealth: a systematic review and analysis of initiatives implemented in Kenya.
AuthorsNjoroge, M; Zurovac, D; Ogara, EA; Chuma, J; Kirigia, D
JournalBMC research notes
Publication Date10 Feb 2017
Date Added to PubMed12 Feb 2017
AbstractThe growth of Information and Communication Technology in Kenya has facilitated implementation of a large number of eHealth projects in a bid to cost-effectively address health and health system challenges. This systematic review aims to provide a situational analysis of eHealth initiatives being implemented in Kenya, including an assessment of the areas of focus and geographic distribution of the health projects. The search strategy involved peer and non-peer reviewed sources of relevant information relating to projects under implementation in Kenya. The projects were examined based on strategic area of implementation, health purpose and focus, geographic location, evaluation status and thematic area. A total of 114 citations comprising 69 eHealth projects fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The eHealth projects included 47 mHealth projects, 9 health information system projects, 8 eLearning projects and 5 telemedicine projects. In terms of projects geographical distribution, 24 were executed in Nairobi whilst 15 were designed to have a national coverage but only 3 were scaled up. In terms of health focus, 19 projects were mainly on primary care, 17 on HIV/AIDS and 11 on maternal and child health (MNCH). Only 8 projects were rigorously evaluated under randomized control trials. This review discovered that there is a myriad of eHealth projects being implemented in Kenya, mainly in the mHealth strategic area and focusing mostly on primary care and HIV/AIDs. Based on our analysis, most of the projects were rarely evaluated. In addition, few projects are implemented in marginalised areas and least urbanized counties with more health care needs, notwithstanding the fact that adoption of information and communication technology should aim to improve health equity (i.e. improve access to health care particularly in remote parts of the country in order to reduce geographical inequities) and contribute to overall health systems strengthening.
TitleEffectiveness of telemedicine for pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus: an updated meta-analysis of 32 randomized controlled trials with trial sequential analysis.
AuthorsXie, W; Dai, P; Qin, Y; Wu, M; Yang, B; Yu, X
JournalBMC pregnancy and childbirth
Publication Date6 Apr 2020
Date Added to PubMed8 Apr 2020
AbstractGestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is now a global health problem. Poor blood glucose control during pregnancy may lead to maternal and neonatal/foetal complications. Recently, the development of information and communication technology has resulted in new technical support for the clinical care of GDM. Telemedicine is defined as health services and medical activities provided by healthcare professionals through remote communication technologies. This study aimed to update the systematic review of the effectiveness of telemedicine interventions on glycaemic control and pregnancy outcomes in pregnant women with GDM. We searched the Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan-fang Database, China Biology Medicine and VIP Database for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) related to the effectiveness of telemedicine interventions for GDM from database inception to July 31st, 2019. Languages were limited to English and Chinese. Literature screening, data extraction and assessment of the risk of bias were completed independently by two reviewers. Meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis were conducted in Stata 14.0 and TSA v0.9.5.10 beta, respectively. A total of 32 RCTs were identified, with a total of 5108 patients. The meta-analysis showed that telemedicine group had significant improvements in controlling glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) [mean difference (MD) = - 0.70, P < 0.01], fasting blood glucose (FBG) (MD = -0.52, P < 0.01) and 2-h postprandial blood glucose (2hBG) (MD = -1.03, P = 0.01) compared to the corresponding parameters in the standard care group. In the telemedicine group, lower incidences of caesarean section [relative risk (RR) = 0.82, P = 0.02], neonatal hypoglycaemia (RR = 0.67, P < 0.01), premature rupture of membranes (RR = 0.61, P < 0.01), macrosomia (RR = 0.49, P < 0.01), pregnancy-induced hypertension or preeclampsia (RR = 0.48, P < 0.01), preterm birth (RR = 0.27, P < 0.01), neonatal asphyxia (RR = 0.17, P < 0.01), and polyhydramnios (RR = 0.16, P < 0.01) were found. The trial sequential analyses conclusively demonstrated that the meta-analytic results of the change in HbA1c, the change in 2hBG, the change in FBG, the incidence rates of caesarean section, pregnancy-induced hypertension or preeclampsia, premature rupture of membranes, premature birth, neonatal asphyxia, and polyhydramnios were stable. Compared to standard care, telemedicine interventions can decrease the glycaemic levels of patients with GDM more effectively and reduce the risk of maternal and neonatal/foetal complications.
MNCHFPRHHIV/AIDSMalariaNoncommunicable diseaseCOVID-19Decision-makingEducation & trainingBehavior changeGovernancePrivacy & securityEquityCHWsYouth & adolescentsSystematic reviewsProtocols & research designMedical RecordsLaboratoryPharmacyHuman ResourcesmHealthSMSChatbotsAI